IDEE, Royal University Institute for European Studies, Programmes, Masters, International Relations, Academic Staff, professors, International System, Development Cooperation


Academic guide

Enrique Fanjul
Founding partner of Iberglobal 

Christian Freres
Expert of the Spanish Agency of International Cooperation for Development




  1. The process of internationalization of the company
  • Concept of the company's internationalization process. Reasons for internationalization. Obstacles. Requirements for a successful internationalization
  1. Stages in the company's internationalization process
  • Stages of the internationalization process. Foreign investments. New trends in the internationalization process: reshoring, near-shoring, etc.
  1. Globalization, international competitiveness and changes in the world economy
  • Causes and evolution of globalization. From globalization to multipolarity. Implications of the rise of the emerging economies The economic rise of Asia. The case of China: the Beijing Consensus. Analysis of the competitiveness of countries
  1. Internationalization policies
  • Overview of internationalisation policies. Commercial diplomacy: concept, instruments, trends. Controversies on development cooperation policies and the role of business
  1. Financing of international operations
  • Overview of the financing of international operations. Export credits. Concessional finance. Export credit insurance. Debt conversion programmes
  1. Tools for internationalization
  • Key skills for international work. Communication tools. Sources of information. The role of social networks
  1. International negociation
  • Key elements of international trade negotiation. The concept of cultural intelligence. The impact of cultural barriers on international activity. Key cultural dimensions. Recommendations for international negotiation
  1. International economic organizations: the multilateral marketplace
  • The multilateral market: key concepts. Overview of the main international economic organizations. Procedures and business opportunities in the multilateral market. Working in international organizations



  1. Introduction to International Development Cooperation (IDC)
  • Linkages between IDC and International Relations concepts and theories, historical background, evolution, and key concepts of IDC
  1. Actors, Institutions and International Norms related to IDC
  • Developing countries, donors, international organizations, civil society, private sector; OECD/DAC, UN, World Bank; DAC principles, UN resolutions, UNCTAD and G-77; etc.
  1. The international development agenda
  • Aid and development effectiveness; Millenium Development Goals; Finance for Development
  1. Overview of International Donor Institutions
  • European Commission; selection of bilateral donors; World Bank, UN agencies
  1. South-South and Triangular Cooperation
  • Origins, evolution, overview of main actors and processes
  1. Situation and Perspectives of IDC
  • Aid in crisis; an increasingly complex and crowded agenda